The Arg-e Bam is the largest adobe building in the world, it is located in Bam and is listed by UNESCO as part of the World Heritage Site “Bam and its Cultural Landscape”. On 2003, 80 percent of the Citadel completely been destroyed by an earthquake, along with much of the rest of Bam and its environs. After 14 years passed from that day, this building is rising again and soon, it will regain its original glory. Be with IranTrawell to know more about this citadel.
Arg-e Bam Story
There is no precise archaeological dating of the buildings of the Citadel of Bam; but the evidences of its multiple layered walls show us that this citadel may had been built 2000 years ago. Due to its special position on commercial routes, it had a major role in commerce, growth and development of the people. Although there is water problems, but this region has a large population.
After the earthquake in 2003, when they were repairing it, they found an advanced water supply system that was built thousand years ago. This system was a smart system. It divides the water of two aqueducts for noble’s part of the city and normal people’s part of the city. This shows the power of human mind that even if large group of people gather in center of a dessert, they can create something that results in their survival.
Arg-e Bam was always a shelter for rebels. People of Bam were rich and the location of this citadel was far from center of power; so, historically they were independent from central government and this citadel was always a home for the rebels and revolutionists. It is interesting to know that most of the rebellions starting from here resulted in victory. One of the most important rebellions related to the Arg-e Bam was rebellion of Agha Mohammad Khan-e Qajar that resulted in overthrowing of Zandye dynasty.
People living in this citadel left it 150 years ago and never came back there.
There was a pernicious earthquake in this region in 2003 that destroyed Bam’s citadel, but thanks to the helps came from countries like Japan, Italy and France, this world heritage site revived and now, it is again one of the most important attractions of Kerman province.
Architecture of Arg-e Bam
Arg-e Bam is a big complex of tall buildings that are near to Bam city in Kerman province. The area of Bam Citadel is approximately 180,000 square meters. It is surrounded by gigantic walls 6–7 metres high and 1,815 meters long. In the architectural form of Bam Citadel there are two different distinguishable parts:
The nobles’ part in the most internal wall, holding the citadel, barracks, mill, 4-season house, water-well (dug in the rocky earth and about 40 metres deep), and a stable for 200 horses.
The normal people’s part surrounding the nobles place, consisting of the main entrance of the entire fortress-city and the bazaar alongside of the North-to-South spinal axis (which connects the main entrance to the citadel), and around 400 houses with their associated public buildings (such as a school and sport place).
The nobles part of Bam citadel
Large fencings divide the normal people’s part and the nobles’ part. There is a gate connecting these two parts. They built the normal people’s part in further expansions, but this is not that clear and it seems that they had built these two parts seamlessly. There are 38 large and little towers in the citadel and the only exit gate is in the south part of the complex in normal people’s part. This part of the city has an exit gate, Bazar, Jameh Mosque, Zoorkhane, Sabat and the house of Jahoda, Tekyeh square, Payambar Mosque, Bathhouse, School, stable, Mirakhoor Building and residential neighborhoods.
Geographical location of Arg-e Bam
Bam is a city in Kerman province of southeastern Iran. This city is the center of touristic attractions in this region placed in 195 kilometers of Kerman. IranTrawell recommends if you are visiting Kerman, free up a full day for visiting Bam. There are other attractions like historical city of Darzin, Castle of Dokhtar, Chartagh building, Koushk Building and Pir-e Alamdar building. These places surround world’s greatest adobe building.