Arts and crafts is among the best arts in Iran and even the world. Exquisite carpets of Kerman are among the best handmade carpets, which their reputation is well known in Iran and the world. These carpets also have a special historical significance, because in addition to their originality, they also represent history and identity of Iran and they have their own enthusiasts around the world.
More Details About Kerman’s Carpets Art
Carpet weaving has an undoubtedly important role in the history Iran and is one of the oldest Iranian noble arts. Carpet weaving was always attributed to Iranian people from the past to the present day and is now considered as one of the cultural and national heritages of Iran. For many years, the people of Kerman, along with their other economic and cultural activities, have been involved in carpet weaving, dressing, Pateh and Termeh, and have gained a world-wide reputation.
Among all the most original and most popular Iranian arts, financial value of the carpets besides the originality of this work have made carpet weaving a special symbol of Iranian culture.
There is no definite history about Kerman‘s exquisite, because the stories of it were only been passed down by words of mouth. Based on what people say, the art of carpet weaving in Iran dates back to 500 years ago. The most glorifying time of carpet weaving art in Iran happened in Safavid era, with new and diverse roles and designs coming into the market of this industry. With the beginning of Qajar era, the golden era of this industry had ended and glory of this art was decreasing. At the beginning of the first industrial revolution, machines have developed and production of handmade textiles went down. Therefore, people who were working in handmade textile workshops become interested in carpet weaving and another golden era of carpet weaving had started.
One of the main reasons for the worldwide reputation of Kerman’s exquisite carpets is its unique design and color. The design and color of the exquisite carpets of Kerman is one of the most beautiful and most detailed designs in the world. The interesting point is that it is less likely to find two Kerman carpets in same color and design.
The Most Famous Designs Of Kerman’s Exquisite Carpets
There are numerous significant designs that are being used in Kerman’s exquisite carpets, for example designs such as Sabzekari, figurative works and spilling designs. All of the best designs of Sabzekari are produced in Ravar and most significant types of it are designs such as “Hafez”, “Layla and Majnun”, “Khayyam” and “The Landscape”.
The plans with spilling design, especially spilling design of “Shah Abbasi”, as well as “Quranic Frame” designs, “Tree” designs, and “Vase” designs are a combination of other designs used in the exquisite carpets of Kerman.
Different types of “Western Flowers” in the early thirteenth century were an important part of plans designed in Kerman, which are based on non-Iranian decorative arts, as well as other designs such as “Shekargah”, “Bazobandi”, “Adobe and rhomboid designs of Khatam”.
Women and girls are mostly responsible for weaving the rugs and carpets, but in high-tech urban workshops, you can even see the men also are weaving. In general, carpets of Kerman can be divided into two categories: urban woven and nomadic woven. The most important urban area of carpet weaving is Kerman, and the most important nomadic area of carpet weaving is Sirjan.
In Kerman there are big tribes that their exquisite carpets have a great reputation inside and outside the country. Tribes like Afshar, Pichakchi, Jebal Barezi, Manahi, and most tribes of Lors and Arabs.
Afshar is a Turk tribe, which lives in territory of Azerbaijan and Kerman. These tribes moved to Kerman since Shah Tahmasb had become the king. The most important centers of weaving Afshar kilims are: Shahr-e Babak, Sirjan, West parts of Jiroft, Bilverdi, Sarabad, Parizi and Deh-shotoran. Afshar carpet has a fragmental design and the most eye-catching design used in it is the figure of hen. The medallion design is another beautiful design of Kerman’s exquisite carpets, which is woven by Afshar’s tribe.
Colors in Kerman’s Exquisite Carpets
In Kerman’s exquisite carpets, varieties of natural colors are also used. Application of crimson, brown, cream, black and navy blue colors in various types of these carpets are one of the significant features of Kerman exquisite carpets.
Knots in Kerman’s Exquisite Carpets
Most of the Kerman’s exquisite carpets have 15-25 rows. The types of knots used in Kerman’s exquisite carpets are different. In the geographical area of Kerman, both types of Iranian carpet knots are used. In the urban area of Baft City in Kerman province, they use Persian knots, which is used in the texture of delicate carpets. In the rural areas of Baft, they use both Persian knot and Turkish knot. On the other hand, they are also using paired knots and in recent years, non-knot weaving have become popular among Kerman’s exquisite carpet weavers. This type of cheatings in weaving of exquisite carpets of Kerman have resulted in production of poor quality carpets and is damaging the originality of this industry.
For example, Afshar carpets have Turkish knots, while the remaining Kerman carpets, which are woven in the hands of other tribes have Persian knots.
Dimensions of Kerman’s Exquisite Carpets
Dimensions of nomad carpets are generally in 3 sizes of backrest, 1.5 zar and 2 zar. In recent decades, some Sirjan weavers have promoted weaving carpets in larger dimensions. In urban areas of Baft, they use vertical scaffolds, but in tribes and rural areas, they are still using horizontal scaffolds.
In recent years, the absence of skilled weavers and the lack of modernization have resulted in insufficiency in meeting the needs of the global market and the high price of Kerman’s exquisite carpets have changed the use of these exquisite carpets as decorations, which has reduced the overall popularity of Kerman’s exquisite carpets.
Kerman’s exquisite carpets are among the most valuable and exquisite carpets around the world, whose reputation abroad is more than inside of the country. Unfortunately, the lack of attention to this original and beautiful art has resulted in loss of interests of old weavers. There are no training facilities for the new younger generation of carpet weavers and this is one of the reasons that this industry is being forgotten. Kerman’s carpets are examples of the wonders of art. Give your houses a wonderful beauty buy using Kerman’s exquisite carpets.