Abdul Raheem Jazayeri at the entrance of the Chaharbagh school, wrote dates 1112 AH on the white nastaliq calligraphy with background of azure tile. And this date coincides with the rule of Sultan Hussein, the last king of the Safavid rule. there is no doubt, In the incompetence of Sultan Hussein, but his mother was an influential and active woman who carried out many services in the last years of the Safavid period, and many of the glorious works of Isfahan carry the name of the Shah’s mother, whose purpose all of them are the mother of Shah Sultan Hussein Which she is compensate for incompetence of her boy.
The last Safavid Monument
Of course, Sultan Hussein was a religious person himself and they also referred to Mullah Hussein before reaching the reign; therefore, he paid special attention to this mosque, and there is still a room named Sultan Hussein in this school where the Shah sometimes preached and He was teaching or staying at a school when he was visiting the school.
This building is the last magnificent building that has remained from the Safavid, and we recommend that you visit it as the last building in Isfahan to make memorable the beauty of the tiles work forever. Many foreign tourists, after visiting this school, mention that it is the most enjoyable monument which they have seen in Isfahan and have used words such as amazing and memorable for describing it.
Chaharbagh School Charming Reasons
But the main Charming reason can be looked at in two points: first, it has retained its previous function. Although they have changed their name and today it is known as the seminary of Imam Sadiq, but it is still taught in religious lessons and clerics are studying in the same clothes a few hundred years ago and are engaged in lessons and debates, and even the study course is the same as in the Safavid era, the first teacher of this school was Agha Jamal Ahmad al-Din Khansari who taught religious courses in this school. The second case, the Chaharbagh School, has a special tile working and it has various types of this art such as 7-color tiles, Moaraq, Gereh-Chini, Pili and Moalaqi, and in fact it is the Isfahan Tile Museum.
Architecture of Chaharbagh Mosque
The architectural style of this school is based on the architecture style of Isfahan. In terms of architectural and beauty proportions of the tile design and the dome, the Chaharbagh school is located after the Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque, but in the opinion of the great masters of this technique, the luxurious of this building that decorated with gold and silver in terms of Zargari, Ghalam-Zani, Gold-working and Design, The Chaharbagh School is unique in the World. It is worth to say that the color combination of this tile works is very close to the IranTrawell’s logo.
The Chaharbagh School has four porches. The exterior of the mansion consists of a magnificent and beautiful courtyard and seventeen two-floor bricks vaulted around it. Elegant tiles, richly decorated Muqarnas and various shapes on the head of the building and the entrance of the building are beautifully embellished.
The two openings door are decorated with turquoise tiles that are based on two vase shape beautiful marble stone. There are two exquisite marble piers bench on both sides of the entrance door.
The main door of the school, which is decorated with gold and silver, is an outstanding example of the Zargari and Ghalam-Zani that has reached its highest level of perfection during the Safavid period.
On the two left and right sides of this door, there are some poems that is written in Nastaliq calligraphy. The calligrapher of this poems, Mohammad Saleh Isfahani, is a famous Calligrapher of the Safavid era.
The school’s interior includes vestibule, entrance gate, interior courtyard, dome, minarets and rooms. The most beautiful part of the school in terms of tile works, its entrance vestibule.
Endowments of Chaharbagh School
The mother of Shah Sultan Hussein and Shah do their best to setting up Chaharbagh School. There are two wonderful works near the Chaharbagh School, which at the same time was dedicated to the welfare of the students of this school. In the north of the ChaharBagh School, there is a beautiful and high-rise bazaar that was also called the King’s Bazaar during the Safavid era. This Bazaar is a valuable example of the Bazaars of the Safavid era and is now well-known as the Art Bazaar. There is a Cross and Dome in bazaar that runs through the door to the ChaharBagh school. Isfahan Art Bazaar is one of the most beautiful and attractive Bazaars in Isfahan, which today is used for sale of gold and silver jewelry. On the east of the Chaharbagh School, the main caravanserai of the Shah is located which is called the Abbasi Hotel today. One of them is the oldest Hotel in the world. It is the only five-star hotel in Isfahan, and it is considered as the one of the most amazing hotels in the world.
The Differences between School and Mosque
Perhaps if you look at this school, you do not feel much different from the mosque, the subtle point that we mention here: in the past and in the style of Iranian-Islamic architecture in the mosque, no tree was ever planted and believed that nothing should be occupied the worshiper space even a tree. But in the school, the tree plays a colorful role, for example, in the Shah Mosque or the mosque of Abbasi, we see that no trees have been planted in the mosque, but beside this mosque there is a seminary that is decorated with water canals and trees.
This mosque is located right at the center of the historical Safavid texture of Isfahan and is located on Chaharbagh Abbasi Street and Amadegah intersection, and you can access it by bus, by foot and by car, and soon the subway will be added to this collection.