The city of Isfahan is one of the historical capitals of Iran. Contrary to Tehran, its historic heart is still dominated on modernity. Wherever you go, you can feel the Safavid, the streets, the historic street, the mansions, all with all the color of history in their soul. Gardens and Chehelsotun’s Palace is one of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites that Registered as The Persian Garden , which has mirror and paint treasures inside it.
The building of the palace during the Shah Abbas Kabir era was built in a lush green garden in the shape of a small shrine, and during the Shah Abbas II period, a building was built by the Safavid kings to make ceremonies and a place for official political and business relations.
After 55 years of the death of Shah Abbas Kabir, the time has come for the reign of Shah Abbas II, and the Safavid needed to paint a new color on its magnificent buildings and add a new form to it. The Chehelsotoun Palace, with its 2150-meter building, was created by the best artists and architects of that era. The sections that were added to the palace in this period include the mirror hall, the eighteen-pillar hall, the two large rooms of the north and the south, the mirror hall, the porches on the sides of the king’s court and the large pool opposite the hall with all the paintings, mirrors and Ceilings. Chehelsotoun Palace was one of the first buildings in Iran that had such a form of decoration, magnificent mirror, large wall paintings and wooden columns.
Iranian Garden in Chehelsotoon
Chehelsotoon Garden is one of the most important and beautiful examples of Persian garden, whose history dates back to Islam. In the architecture of the Iranian gardens, there were few tilt levels that helped to stream water easily into streams and gardens, and along with these streams, garden trees were regularly arranged. The old design of the Chehelsotoon Gardens has been such that it has access to other gardens of that time in Isfahan. It was said that the Chehelsotoon Garden was 67,000 square meters at time of construction, and its length and width were almost equal, which today is now more like a rectangle due to the destruction and construction around the Chehelsotoon Gardens.
The garden is drawn in the east-west direction, which forms the main axis of the garden. There are two large and small swimming pools on the same axis, which Chehelsotoun Palace is located between them. The main axis is shown by the trees planted in its direction to move to the main palace.
This is the method used in the Pasargad Gardens, the Achaemenid World Heritage Site, which originated from all Iranian gardens.
Porch with pillar
The first part of the palace that gazes your eyes at the very first glance is the beauty of is its porch. The palace of Chehelsotoon consists of two parts. One part, which is based on 18 wooden columns, and it is centered on 4 Lion sculpture and the carvings show that every two lions are the sign of a human head. From the mouth of these four lion we have water running, it erupted into the marble tub. Porches Celling is covered by wooden and it is covered with mirrors and drawings in the form of a Chinese knot and various geometric patterns. The image of the marble tub in the middle of the porch is visible in the ceiling decoration, in the form of reflection. This mirroring is very similar to the Ali-Qapu Palace.
Each of the main pillars of the porch made by a trunk of plantain or pine, which is nowadays covered with a thin layer of painted board, but in the past were beautifully decorated with mirrors and colored glass.
The most spectacular and fascinating part of Chehelsotoon Palace is its beautiful paintings and unique decorations. Chehelsotoon Palace is one of the first buildings that used a wide range of decorations, mirroring, large wall paintings and wooden columns with Mogharnas (kind of architect’s Term) over-pillars.
These paintings are perfect examples of painting in the 11th and 12th centuries and they are drawn into Isfahan Painting School. In general, besides the herbal and animal decorations that cover the various parts of the palace, there are about seventy wall paintings with Tempera techniques and oil paintings in this palace. The primary wall paintings of the Chehelsotoon Palace were drawn during the reign of Shah Abbas II and are entirely based on the school of Isfahan. In addition, there are Cross-nationality (Iranian-European) paintings in the palace decorations, later added to the Chehelsotoon wall paintings.
In 2011, the Chehelsotoon Garden was one of the 9 Iranian gardens in the 1372 UNESCO World Heritage List. The UNESCO World Heritage List for the list of The Persian Garden includes five criteria that Chehelsotoon Gardens have all of them. You can read it in the Persian Garden Article.