In traveling to Iran and the province of Hamedan, you should know that this city has the legacy of Iran’s first kings and world’s first empires. In this article we’ll visit Ganjname. Where nature and history meet to create a unique attraction for visitors. Stay tuned with Irantrawell.
The Persian tribes, among other Aryan tribes, including Part and Mad, paid the most attention to documenting, and their interest in leaving works for later generations in architecture and other works is clear. One of the most important tools for achieving this goal was inscriptions. Particularly during the Achaemenid era has greatly helped for us to recognize their history, kings, territories and religion. The Achaemenids usually embedded inscriptions in three languages to commemorate their names, and on golden and silver tablets in the corners of the palaces, or chiseled on the mountains.
During the Achaemenid era, the three languages were Eilami, Ancient Persian, and Babylonian, but all of these languages were written with a cuneiform, in whose decryption the British explorer Sir Henry Rawlinson used the inscriptions of Ganjname. Thus, the stone writings of Ganjname in Hamedan was a key to decrypt the writings on the big Darius inscription in Biston.
The rock’s (granite) position is such that the inscriptions of the rock face the the east; the ridges are in the form of a rectangular square with a length of 9.2 meters and a width of 9.1 meters and a 30-centimeter cavity. These two historical tablets are each in three Old Persian, Eilami, and Babylonian languages. The Persian text is written on the left side of each of the two tablets and has a width of about 15.1 meters. The Babylonian text in both tablets is written in the middle and its width is less than the Persian, and the Eilami text is located on the right side in both tablets and its width is less than the Babylonian text. The left side tablet is slightly higher on a rocky mountain and it is named after Dariush Kabir, and the lower right tablet is located slightly lower and it is named after Khashayar Shah. Each of the three texts in each of the two tablets consists of 20 lines, the contents of both inscriptions in each of the three texts are one and the same and they are written in the cuneiform script. Around the two tablets there are regular holes on the rocky mountain, which shows that these two historic writings have had metal doors in the past which preserved them from winds and rain and sunshine.
Landscape of Ganjname
In the vicinity of Ganjname, there is a beautiful view of the Ganjnameh waterfall and the green valleys of the dark valley (in Persian Tarik Darre). In fact, the good weather of this area, along with natural attractions and, of course, inscriptions of Ganjname have attracted tourists to this area, and this has led to other tourism services in this part of the city of Hamedan, among the facilities are cable cars, bowling hall, mall, a variety of hotels, resorts and restaurants. You can, in your trip to Hamedan go a little away from the city to Ganjname, and in addition to drowning in its history, explore the Alvand mountains. You can sit and drink tea after a short walk near the beautiful Ganjname waterfall and, of course, use its exciting cable car.
The dark valley near Ganjname during the Achaemenid era used to be the Hegmatane-Estakhr road which was also known as the “Jadde Shahi” (Literally, kingly road), which connected Hegmatane through the twisted roads of the dark valley to Gadouk (Valley), Vard Avard Alia, Shahrestaneh, Oshtaran and Tuyserkan, to Nahavand, Kermanshah, Lorestan, Takhte Jamshid and Fars. Although today it is famous for its ski resort and is one of the modern attractions of Hamedan.
In the city of Hamedan, enter through the Imam Square (central square of the city) to Shariati Street then Mahdieh and from there go to Hamedan’s Abu Ali Sina University. After passing through the intersection of Luna Park, move to Ghaem square and go to right after reaching the Ghaem Square. A little down the road, you reach a two-way route, one toward Abbasabad and the other towards the ancient inscription of Ganjname. Continue on the Ganjnameh route, on the right side of the Ganjnameh central square, there is the tourist resort of Ganjname which has cable car facilities to reach the Mishan Square, and on the left there are the Ganjname inscriptions, the Ganjname waterfall, and the rocky climbing path.