Hamedan’s traditional bazar much like other cities’ traditional bazars is a good place to walk around and of course enjoy the quality of its architecture.
About Hamedan’s Traditional Bazar
Hamedan’s traditional bazar was built during the Qajar era and in those time it was relatively booming. Due to Hamedan’s geographical location and its being located on the internal connecting routes and also being located on the path of the Karbala pilgrims its bazar boomed even more. This booming became even more during the Safavid era.
Hamedan’s traditional bazar much like other cities’ has a roof. Around the 70s (Solar) most of its roofs were removed, and the owners of the shops in order to expand their shops altered the bazar’s original and authentic structure. Some of the shops in the bazar have been owned by affluent people. For example Gheysarieh bazar (the current carpet sellers bazar) was built by Mirza Kazem Maneshi Qajarieh behind the caravanserai (Mirza Kazem caravanserai) which now belongs to a couple of businessmen. And so have been built other line of bazars, such as Mootabkhaneh, Kafshdoozkhaneh, etc.
The Architecture of Hamedan’s Traditional Bazar
As was mentioned earlier this bazar has a ceiling and its architecture is Islamic. All the bazars of Hamedan have been built around the grand mosque. This is due to the fact that bazars must be close to mosques so that shop holders can go there and say their prayers. In addition to that, there are smaller mosques in different places of the bazar.
Based on what we said about the Kashan Bazar, bazars should have facilitated what businessmen needed. Facilities such as bath, diner, bakery, etc.
Lines of the Bazar
In this bazar, similar to the tradition of other cities’ bazars, each line is specific for selling one type of item. Currently, some of these lines have lost this order. For example only the names of these lines have remained today: blacksmiths, sneaker makers, bow makers, mootabha, carpenters, jug makers, and bookbinders. Also other lines such as saddle makers, wheat grinders, cream sellers, and pea sellers had gained popularity.
Other well-known lines include:
- Lime sellers
- Prophet/sack sellers
- Knife makers
- Can makers
- Resin sellers
- Coal sellers
- Broker shops
Gallerias or small bazars in each neighborhood were built at the beginning of passageways, or neighborhoods’ squares, in the form of different shops to provide for the primary needs of the place.
- Esmali Khan Galleria
- Imamzade yahya Galleria
- Pahlevanha Pol Galleria
- Toot Ghomiha Galleria
- Jolan Galleria
- Chaman Varmazyar Galleria
- Dorud Abad Galleria
In Hamedan’s traditional bazar much like other bazars there is a passageway. The passageway is more detailed at the intersection of several villages, the most famous of which are the Sargozar and Baghkhane.
Caravansaries are large buildings that contain a large number of shops and are usually adjacent to or connected to the market and are considered as part of it. Most of the major caravansaries in Hamedan are relics of Qajar period.
The building of caravansaries had different reasons. The caravansaries had two floors: the lower floors were used as a shop and the commercial office, and the upper floors were the storehouse for the storage of goods, which later were used for the commercial office.
They also built enclosures near the caravanserai or the ground in the corner of it as trusses for keeping camels, horses and donkeys.
Some of the owners of the large caravansaries in other neighborhoods used buildings for keeping the livestock and a place for people staying at the caravanserai to pass the night. After the evacuation of the goods, the caravans and settlers were guided to these places. These buildings are also called caravanserai. Major merchants and owners of capital traded their goods by brokers and bankers in the city or elsewhere, and by the same people who took action on the purchase of export goods, and they themselves made direct contact with brokers and traders from European countries, the United States and Asia who wanted to buy goods such as carpets And leather, etc.
The caravansaries were the venue for people who were engaged in doing business of trading and offering their goods, and were constantly on the rise.
William Jackson’s Writings
In the year 1921 A.D. Hamedan had 150 tannery shops. As William Jackson writes: “Hamedan bazars are roofed and there are more than 500 shops that are full of customers. Merchants call this city ‘the storage house of Iran’. Among commercial goods are leather goods that should be mentioned because Hamedan is the city of tanneries. People of Hamedan have been renowned for making cow and sheep skin and making luxurious items out of them.”
“The saddle and luggage, and leather shoes and pointy shoes are on sale at numerous pavilions. In addition, white soft wools used for bedding, namadzin, kapanak and shola for shepherds, and skin hats like helmets are not better than Hamadan anywhere in Iran. Also, making ghayeshe.”
Visiting this bazar is recommended for two reasons; one is to enjoy its historical texture and two is the fact that the price of goods in this bazar are lower than the price of the same goods in other areas of the city. So to buy a souvenir use this bazar.