The history of the carpet of the world goes back to the post-human cave life. At that time, humans, imitating the lives of birds, tried to make baskets, mats, and zilus with the textures of the plants’ fibers. Over time, after hunting different animals and using wool, their skin and hair zilus became softer. In the remainder of this article from Irantrawell, we will discuss the history of the world’s rugs and the history of the world’s oldest rug.
Research done by historians and archeologists shows that the “Boria” texture, which used the reeds of the Mesopotamian region, has been around since the fifth and fourth millenniums BC. The kilim texture has also evolved to the 15th century BC.
World Carpet History and the Oldest Carpet in the World
Not much is known about the world’s first and oldest rug or carpet. Because the texture of this carpet has been damaged and lost due to many factors such as moisture, etc. But regard to wool, the fibers which was used for weaving this carpet , it is expected that the Central Asian nomadic tribes would have woven this carpet for the first time since most of their occupations were herding.
The oldest carpet that archaeologists have discovered is called the “Pazirik Rug”.
In the history of the world carpet, the Pazirik rug is the oldest carpet discovered by a Russian archaeologist, Sergei Rodenko, in the grave of one of the Scythian rulers beside other antiquities. The rug was found in the Pazirik Valley, eighty kilometers from Mongolia, about seventy years ago. For this reason it is known as Pazirik rug.
The rug is more than 2400 years old and has a size of about two square meters with36 knots per square centimeter used to cover the horse. The colors used in this carpet are green, dark red, brown, brick and blue. Over time, however, many factors have changed the colors of this rug. However, the cold and frost of the Pazirik Valley has kept this carpet healthy.
Most scholars in this field, considering the designs on this rug that resemble the original Achaemenid images, believe that this carpet is Iranian and is made of maads or parts hand-woven. This Achaemenid rug is kept at the Armitage Museum in Saint Petersburg, Russia.
Since Pazirik carpet is the oldest carpet in Iran and in the world, so the art of carpet weaving of Iran goes back more than 2000years or more than 500years BC.
Spotted Deer, Added Beauty to Paziric Rug
Spotted yellow deer, Persian horses and deer are examples of images on this rug, which can also be seen in Persepolis. The knitting and weaving style of this carpet is similar to the Iranian carpet weaving style. The use of symmetrical patterns and different colors also shows that the carpet is woven in a carpet weaving workshop and is woven according to a detailed pattern.
At the top of the carpet are X-shaped symbols that represent the flag of Kaveh Blacksmith. Kaviani veil was recognized as the most important Iranian flag in the Parthian and Samanian periods.
As mentioned, the Persian carpet has the oldest carpet history in the world. The Chinese calendar “Swami Mu” has referred to the Iranian carpet as an imported product to China. Baharestan carpet, also known as Persian carpets, has been used gold and silver in its fibers. The rug seized by Arabs in the invasion of Iran and fell into their hands at the time of the Arab invasion of Iran and fragmented.
Iranian history and literature also remind one of the famous throne of Taqdis that belonged to Sassanid king Khosrow Parviz. On this bed were spread 4 precious carpets, each representing one of the seasons of the year.
Mashhad Carpet Adorned with Shah Abbasi Flowers
Each city carpet has its own characteristics. A prominent feature of Mashhad carpet is the design of King Abbasi flowers with delicate and thin stems. These designs are very similar in structure to the original Herat designs. Saadi and Lachak berg designs are of south Khorasan.
in Mashhad carpet mostly used colors like red, green, blue, navy and cream. The fibers used in Mashhad rugs are wool and cotton yarn. Its dimensions are usually 6,12, and 15 meters which larger dimensions are exist.