A lot has been said about the time of Kashan’s bazaar construction. Some believe that this bazaar was built at the time of Al-Boyeh (Beuye dynasty) and Seljuk and Over time, it was destroyed and restored by the Safavids. It is said that there was an earthquake that once again destroyed the bazaar. So during the Qajar era, especially during Fath Ali Shah, they rebuilt it. Even parts of it were destroyed during Pahlavi era to make a road! But the main development of the Kashan bazaar was in the Safavid era. In addition to the economic development, this bazaar was also famous among tourists, and the Europeans traveled to Kashan to see it.
Throughout the bazaar, from the Darvaze Dolat Square (now Shahrdari Square) to the Feyz Square and opposite the mosque on the two sides, more than 120 large shops were constructed with a front Porches and upper house (Bala-Khane) and upper balcony. There are also several spacious caravanserais in front of each other, with spacious high rise buildings. So that the end of each shop was directed to caravansaries courtyard and windows and light wells!
Kashan Bazaar Customs
Historical bazaar of Kashan, like many other bazaars, includes different parts:
- Rasteh (mainstream of bazaar)
- Dasteh (Different guilds)
- Saray-e Khan (Commercial Centre for Wholesale)
- Khanbar or Kalenbar (storehouse or local store for doing different things with the Products)
- Timche or Caravanserai (Centre of Commercial and Multi-Saray)
- Qeysarie (A bazaar where more expensive and elegant Products were sold)
- store (Dokkan)
Since the bazaar was a place for many people to went there for shopping, then it was necessary to have other welfare services in addition to the stores and pavilion. Kashan bazaar is so rich in this subject. There was a bath, a mosque, a watering place (storage), a caravanserai and even an Imamzadeh. So people did not need to leave the bazaar for prayers, bathing, resting, and providing water. It should be noted that not all of these features were made at the time of the initial construction of the bazaar. But over time, it has expanded with the improvement of experience and the need of people.
The Usage of Bazaar
As previously mentioned in the Article of the Ali-Qapu, Shah Abbas had a great interest in holding a feast and fireworks. He was not abandon this interest in his presence in Kashan, too. Shah Abbas held various celebrations in Kashan and also in the bazaar. As they illuminated the bazaar, they were inviting people to night Parties by playing music and fireworks around the bazaar. So this bazaar, according to the same tradition, in the next periods, was also a place for the gathering of people and their joy.
If you do not have enough time or energy to visit everywhere in the bazaar, do not miss the Aminoddole Caravanserai. Generally, Aminoddole Caravanserai shows you the beauty of this bazaar. This covered Saray is one of the many buildings built by Farrokh Khan Ghaffari Kashi known as Aminoddole and is located in the four sides of bazaars called Mianchal. It has three floors and its magnitude and beauty are not seen elsewhere. Aminoddole Caravanserai was built during the Qajar era and Professor Ali Maryam Kashani was the architect and designer of this building, which made it between 1280 and 1284 AH.
What is in the Kashan Bazaar ?
If you are looking for a good place to buy souvenirs, this is a good bazaar. There are traditional and beautiful handicrafts of Kashan and Isfahan, and some artists have exhibited and sold their art works.
If you are getting tired or hungry in the bazaar, go to the Malek cafe.
Malek Café: Bazaar, Bakhshi Caravanserai
Note : If you want to know more about Saray, Click Here.