From long time ago Iranians had a long history in the context of textiles of handcrafted carpets and the use of taste and art in their handicraft industries. Iran is a cradle of arts and culture, with many diverse and old objects in most of the world’s most famous museums. Carpet is one of the Persian handicrafts in the world, which is famous for its quality and design, attracting the attention of many world experts. Iranian carpets , this valuable hand-woven, yearly, bring a lot of currency to the country and help its economy growth.
Greek historians have brought in their books that the Iranians are spreading their rug under themselves to make their bed soft. The Chinese Suez in the Sassanid period refers to wool carpets of Iran as imported goods to China. The famous Baharestan carpet at Caisson Palace has also had an extensive reflection on Islamic literature due to its glorious beauty.
The Irantrawell Group will always be proud to speak about Iranian art to make this art of the noble and artistic people shine all over the world.
The Earliest Iranian carpets
- Iranian carpets have a long antiquity, each of which is a guest of the foreign country. Old Iranian carpets and landscapes, each for a variety of reasons, including the inadequacy of the caretakers of affairs, refurbishment and renovation, display at the world’s best museums, etc., are separate from their demand and are displayed at locations other than Iranian museums. One of the most important is the Pazirik rug, which is the oldest woven rug in the world, according to experts and archaeologists. For thousands of years, this rug has opened a bright horizon for archaeologists.
- Sheikh Safi’s rug is also one of the most beautiful carpets in the Victorian Albert Museum in England, staring everyone in the eye. The texture of the two rugs is perfectly matched so that it cannot even be distinguished from the type of knots, it requires a great deal of skill and will only skilled Iranian weavers can manage it. Mohtasham Kashani, high-class and expert master of the Safavid era, with the texture of this carpet, has condescend Iranian art to the world. The knots used in this carpet, as well as the color and design, are of a quality that can’t be compared with other carpets.
- Different types of Iranian carpets are sold at high prices in the world market. Some of them are bought and sold at astronomical prices and at several times of their basic prices. Among these carpets is the Ziggler Place Carpet 1, which is sold at 6 times its base price. The rug is very durable and can be repaired. The texture and production date of this rug is still unclear, but as evidences shows, its production was in central of Iran.
- Kerman Goldani Carpet is also one of the most expensive carpets in Iran, which sold for $ 10.2 million in 2010 and set a record in this industry. The production of this exquisite carpet dates back to the 17th century. As everyone knows, Kerman carpets are one of the best quality carpets in Iran. The longer it goes, the higher its quality and the higher the price. These exquisite carpets are so beautiful and eye-catching that it can be said that the Persian carpet has been introduced to the world.
- Esfahan silk rug, which was sold in 2008, is among the most beautiful and original woven sold at auction named Christie for $ 4.45 million. The carpet is 2.5 meters long and 1.5 meters wide. This rug is made of pure and very high quality silk and is one of the most prominent Iranian carpets with high density and quality.
Identifying Iranian carpet
The Iranian carpet has many different types, each of which is of exceptional value and quality. Each of these carpets has its own unique characteristics, depending on the designs and fibers used.
When purchasing, care must be taken to identify Iranian carpets from other foreign or counterfeit carpets. Because of the high market value and demand of the Iranian carpet market, many weavers in different countries are choosing Iranian carpet designs for this valuable fabric.
Using experts of this field, including experts from Irantrawell Group, can help you to buy genuine Iranian rugs that are of high quality and lasting originality.
Identifying the Iranian carpet depends on the type of knot, the type of yarn used in the fabric, the color of the yarn, the type of plowing, the type of design, and ultimately the texture of the carpet. Paying attention to each of these can take the right steps following buying an Iranian rug and give authenticity to your home.
Knot Types in Iranian Carpet
Iranian carpets have different types of knots which can be identified by examining which hand-woven carpet belongs to which region of Iran. Considering the type of knot can greatly assure you of the authenticity of the Persian carpet. Iranian hand-woven carpets have more firm knots and exemplary finesse than carpets woven by foreign weavers who are not authentic.
These nodes themselves have a variety of Persian and Turkish nodes and tribal nodes, each of which have a significant influence on the final design of the carpet. The way the carpet loom is positioned can also affect the texture of the various knots, and the type of carpet loom standing and lying will bring different designs.
Design and Image
Iranian carpet designs are well known all over the world and are used by many weavers all over the world. These designs are very attractive due to their elegance and beauty and are a valuable criterion in many carpets.
In order to identify the Iranian carpet, its design and image must be carefully considered in order to the most original and indigenous designs were used.
Many designs are used in the texture of Iranian carpets, each of which has its own beauty. Palmette flower design, historical monuments design inspired by ornamental figures, overall flower design , paisley design, divergent design, tree design, Turkmen designs, hunting design, flower designs, multiple panel designs, vase designs ,in and out fish designs, prayer-niche design, design stripped, geometrical design, tribal design, blended design and adaptation design are among the designs used for authentic Iranian carpet textures.
Each of these designs has sub-branches that can be used in the texture of the most beautiful Iranian carpets. The elegance in the design and image of the Iranian carpets is such that it attract everyone’s attention and experts consider them to be one of the top and most valuable carpets woven worldwide.
One of the most authentic Iranian designs mentioned in some historical documents is the Golestan design, which infuse an image of Paradise and Ferdowsi. This design is created regarding to Islamic beliefs of the artists and the major carpets woven in the Safavid era are inspired by this design.
The movement of water in lake is indicated by wavy lines and blue color, and there are fish and birds in the lake. Obviously, this image has evolved throughout history, and especially since the 18th century, new and different narratives have emerged.
The number of carpets left in the museums, collections and markets of the world so far identified is about 20.
Medallion design are also one of the most original designs discovered in Iranian carpet weaving. This image can be seen in a number of urban carpet designs, with designs often giving names like multiple panel design, inscribed and bold frames.
The hunting designs are among the oldest woven designs in the Iranian carpet, which is evident in most of the old carpets. In ancient and original hunting images, such as in the Safavid hunting carpets, the hunting scene is where the king is hunting openly.
The great interest of Iranians in hunting has led to the use of these designs even on carpets of that time. Original Persian carpets have also been narrating Iranian history, according to the famous historian Horodotus: “The Parsians taught only three things from age 5 to age 20, horseback riding, shooting, and honesty.”
Fibers Used in Iranian Carpets
One of the most important ways to identify an Iranian carpet is to pay attention to the type of fibers used in the carpet texture that can help you identify it. Iran has always had a considerable number of livestock that they used for various purposes because of their mountainous and fertile green lands.
One of the uses of these cattle is to use their wool to weave the world’s high quality rugs. Iranian weavers always used their sheep’s wool to weave exquisite rugs and create the most masterful of carpets with minimal facilities.
Silkworm sericulture has always been prevalent in the central plateau of Iran and even exported to other areas. Their use of silk has greatly enhanced the texture of the original carpets and helped artists in the texture of the most beautiful carpets.
The naturalness of the fibers used in Iranian carpets has caused these carpets to become less damaged than their counterparts over time and with a exemplified quality show-off all around the world.
Variation in design and color
Color is one of the most important factors for diagnosis of original one from fake one.
Iranian carpet of high quality and with extraordinary colors in comparison with other carpets is quite clear and can be a criteria identifying the original carpet.
Iranian carpets have a lot of elegance in design and color which is one of the most beautiful elements in this handicraft. Iranian weavers have always used natural colors such as rhubarb, chamomile, grape leaves, pomegranate shell, walnut, sumac, saffron, beetroot, mulberry leaf, fig leaf, to make these colors with high quality give a beautiful appearance on Iranian carpets over time.
It should be noted that the use of natural colors will cause Iranian carpets to retain their quality with the slightest change in color over time by exposure to sunlight.
Genuine Parsian carpets such as Pazirik and Sheikh Safi carpets, which are among the most masterpieces of Persian carpets, have a thousand years of transparency and high quality in design and color, and have never been accused of being opaque and discoloration.
The Main Centers of Iranian Carpet Weaving
Although carpet weaving is a genuine Iranian art and cannot be confined to a specific region, there are some areas in Iran that have a long antiquity in the field of high quality Iranian carpets and varied designs. Kerman, Isfahan, Tabriz, Yazd, Qom, Kashan and our nomadic artists can be mentioned among these centers which are world renowned and their works are famous all over the world.
Tabriz from 1500 to 1500 AD, Kashan from 1525 to 1650 AD and Kerman from 1600 to 1650 AD became the Persian carpet centers. Today, many of these rugs are kept in major museums around the world, includes as The Boston Museum of Fine Arts, the Victoria Albert Museum, the Los Angeles Museum, the Vienna Museum of Fine Arts, the Louvre Museum of France, the Stockholm Museum and many of the world’s great museums host Iranian artists and their art.
One of the most popular rituals among Iranian carpets weavers is singing while weaving. Singing with an appropriate rhythm while weaving carpet makes the carpet knots more beautiful and balanced. Singing is coordinated by tying the strings so that the singing syllables are adjusted to the speed of the knotting. Therefore, Iranian carpets, throughout all stages of texture, were mostly singing while knitting and when pulling weft their voice get lower, and while combing they become silent. Because singing the song did not match the sound of combing.
Iranian carpet with high quality and eye-catching beauty has always been one of the best in history and has had its fans all over the world. These high-value carpets have always been your guest in your homes all over the world.
The use of beautiful and delicate design in the texture of these carpets as well as the use of the most natural materials such as natural wool and silk and the use of rhubarb, grape leaves, walnut shell, pomegranate, chamomile and mulberry in dyeing the yarn used in Iranian carpet has caused the beauty of this carpet will be increased over time and the face of this hand-woven carpet will never change by passing time.
The most important centers of authentic Iranian carpet weaving are Kerman, Isfahan, Kashan, Yazd, Tabriz, Qom, and tribals that weave carpet by patience and care.
Iranian artists turned to carpet weaving with a lot of love and enthusiasm, so that each knot of the original Iranian carpet tells the story of passion and love that weavers place in the carpet. Paying attention to each line of these original carpets, have stories that can only be understood with the language of love. Irantrawell group by honoring this beloved weave invites you to use this genuine art.