Perhaps one of the most important parts of home designing is buying a carpet. Therefore, you need to be careful about choosing a perfect carpet or kilim for your home. For this reason, we decided to prepare an article and give you some Buying Persian Kilim Tips in Iran.
What Is Kilim and What Are Its Different Types?
Kilim is a textile floor covering. Texture of the kilim is consisted o f wefts going through the fibers. There are several types of kilims that each of them has its special features and beauty.
Production of some types of the kilims needs a lot of time due to their special designs and fibers used, and as expected, they are expensive. However, there are some other types of inexpensive kilims that are woven in simple designs with simple materials, which is why their cost is lower than the other ones.
Different Types of Kilims
kilims are divided into several categories: needle kilims, simple kilims (with cuts or without cuts), Sumak kilim, carpet kilim.
Let’s Ksnow More About Buying A Kilim
As you know, every major city in Iran has its special handicrafts that travelers can buy some of them as souvenirs and bring them to their hometown.
One of the most important handicrafts of Iran that represents the history of art in Iran is its handmade carpets and kilim. Iranian kilim are very popular among the people of other countries of the world and it is always been admired by visitors. It is obvious that anyone who wants to buy this special luxury commodity as for their own use or as souvenir should get some important information about them, which we have gathered some of the most noticeable tips here in the following.
One of the things that should be mentioned in the guide to buying kilim in Iran is the durability of Iranian handmade carpets and kilims. Do you know meaning of the proverb: “That guy is like a Kerman carpet”? What is the typical feature of this type of carpet?
The obvious feature of this carpet is its long durability, which is well known for it. This means over the time, the more you use the carpet, it becomes much more attractive and more expensive and its value goes up.
Until many years, rural women as well as women living in tribes had woven different types of carpets (e.g. kilim, Jajim, Gabbeh) for their own pleasure and comfort. In addition, they used the carpets for decorating their tents.
Nowadays, those who make other types of carpets or kilims are doing it to supply the need of the market, so, the customer’s taste is beyond their own priorities. This is one of the most important facts mentioned in the guide to buying carpets in Iran and you should pay attention to it.
Things That Matter in Making A Carpet And Kilim
There are many things involved in the production of a kilim; however, we will mention some important ones of them in the following.
- Materials of Kilim
They often use natural fibers such as cotton, silk, wool or a combination of them in waving an Iranian kilim. Therefore, the materials used in the carpet can be very important. They use high quality wools obtained from special races of sheep or cattle as raw materials of Carpets and woolen kilim. The kilims that are made from silk are also among the bests in Iran.
Another important feature of Persian carpet and kilim that we must mention in the guide to buying Persian kilim in Iran is the number of knots and you should notice to it. A good quality Persian carpet has at least 120 knots per square inch.
The back part of the kilim tell us some important things. For example, counting number of knots is only possible from the back part of the carpet. In addition, kilim and handmade carpets have a soft back part and if you go in details, you will figure out that some knots are bigger than the rest. Size variation of the knots is a quality indicator of handmade carpets.
- Layout and Size
The first thing that draws your attention is design of the carpet, which is why this feature is one of the most important factors. In addition, the size of the carpets is also very important.
For example, in Iranian handmade carpets or kilims, there is usually a few centimeters difference in the size of cuts of carpet. In handmade carpets, this is a normal feature, but the difference is more than usual, it indicates that there is a problem with this carpet.
Criteria Of A High-Quality Kilim
How should we know the color used in the kilim is natural or artificial? Stay with us in the guide to buying kilim in Iran.
One of the important ways of recognizing a natural color from an artificial one is using a wipes on the kilim. If you use the wipes and it gets color, the colors used in the carpet is artificial, but if it did not get colored, the color used is natural. So having a wipes is very essential when buying a kilim.
The fibers used in Persian carpets and kilims are lightweight and free of chemical smells.
Kilims and large gabbehs are usually washed and cleaned with a carpet shampoo. The carpet shampoos makes the carpet clean and healthy. Notice that washing small kilims with hands have better results.
Why You Should Buy A Natural-Colored Carpet
If they have used natural materials for coloring the carpet, it will have more protection against the sunlight. In other hands, if the materials used were unnatural and non-standard, they will lose their color and attraction immediately after exposing to the sunlight.
A Solution For Sliding Kilims On Ceramics
If you are thinking about putting kilim on your ceramics, one of the major problems that you will think about it is continuous sliding of kilim on the ceramic. To prevent this problem, it is better to buy a Sumak type of kilim. There is many knots on back part of Sumak kilims. You can also buy a kilim that has leathers on its edges.
Anyway, everyone or every family have their own standards and they should buy kilims according to their own terms. In the guide of buying a kilim in Iran, we tried to discuss about different conditions and give you a guide that you need.