Kerman is a province with numerous cultural valuable relics. It is gifted with eye-catching huge desert of Lut. It has a special and unique wild life and has two great attractive; Prince Mahan’s Garden and Arg-e Bam. Kerman is host for millions of visitors during each year and its beauty attracts too many people. It is interesting to know that Kerman is not limited to the famous places we noted before. There are some places in this province that although they are great to visit, but people know less about them. Therefore, IranTrawell will let you know more about these places. The first one is the greatest. It is one the most beautiful citadels in the world. Rayen Castle is a building placed in heart of the Lut desert that invites every visitor to know more about history. It is world’s second biggest adobe building.
o visit, but people know less about them. Therefore, IranTrawell will let you know more about these places. The first one is the greatest. It is one the most beautiful citadels in the world. Rayen Castle is a building placed in heart of the Lut desert that invites every visitor to know more about history. It is world’s second biggest adobe building.
Rayen Castle’s Geographical Location
Among several relics of Kerman, Rayen Citadel in desert city of Rayen has a special importance. It is a glorious structure built in a desert region. They say that historical castle of Rayen has more than 22 thousand sqaure meter area for its self and 44 thousand square meter as its private region. It is the second biggest adobe building (the first one is Bam Citadel). This spectacular building is in south-west part of the Rayen City, placed on top of a hill in Hazaran Mountain.
History of Rayen Castle
Based on historical evidences, this castle was built after citadel of Bam. There are evidences informing they have built this castle during Sassanid’s Dynasty. During the long history of this castle, neither ruler nor king could have won over this castle and no one could have conquered this castle. If you visit castle, it means that you are visiting history itself. Rayen Castle is an adobe building and is 2200 meter above mean sea level.
Rayen Castle has too many similarities with Citadel of Bam. These similarities include their architecture, appearance and the materials used to build them. Its area is smaller than Citadel of Bam. Its area is equal to one quarter of Bam Citadel’s area. Citadel of Rayen or Castle of Rayen, gain increased attention from visitors after earthquake of Bam and now, too many people visit it during a year.
Architecture of Rayen Citadel
Citadel of Rayen has a squared shaped area and there are several towers around it. Other buildings and main structures are inside of the castle and the walls are protecting them. There are 10-metered fences all around the castle. This castle has only one entrance gate and it is in east part of the castle. A big façade is put over the gate that welcomes all the visitors and tourists.
The pattern used for building Citadel of Rayen is a good example of old Iranian cities’ residential castles and it demonstrates special architecture of that era very well. This citadel has three main parts: alcove, lords’ settlement and general settlement. There are different and numerous partitions like zoorkhaneh, mosque, stable, etc. they call both lords’ settlement and general people’s settlement Sharestan. Each main part of the castle have their own towers and circular stairs that divide each part from the others. Most of the buildings of the citadel have two or three floors.
The general people’s neighborhood is on beginning part of the route that reaches the alcove part. The lords’ settlement is next to the alcove part. When you are walking through the structures and alleys of castle, you can notice the major difference between the lords’ settlement and general people’s settlement. The difference is the material they used to build houses of these two parts. They had built houses of general people’s settlement with poor materials. This is due to their low income and their bad economic situation. Therefore, if you come and visit this citadel, you will understand discriminations of those times very perfectly.
Citadel of Rayen, as told before, has different parts. People living there have built these various parts based on their needs. Citadel of Rayen has 36 parts. In this part of article, IranTrawell will give you some general information about these parts and their special uses:
There are 15 primary parts including the watchtowers. They used these watchtowers for guarding of castle. Other parts had their own special uses. If you were not that lucky to visit Citadel of Bam before the disastrous earthquake happened there in recent years, we fully recommend you to visit this castle. Do not forget about it.