In the path, when we came back from Bid-Abad, Near the neighboring Bid-Abad, we saw the Seyyed Mosque. We had heard both his name and his praise. He took heart from outside and renewed the soul and spirit from inside. After seeing that beautiful neighborhood, the Seyyed Mosque could have been a good and colorful ending destination.
History of the Seyyed Mosque
Fath-Ali Khan Etemad-dowleh, Maj. Minister of Shah Sultan Hussein Safavi, bought a land with an area of 8075 m to build a mosque. However, the presence of Afghans did not give this permission to him and his government. As a result, the land remained without any clear status.
After Safavid’s extinction, the economic situation faced a critical period, and tilework also suffered an economic crisis, Even the construction of the mosque was interrupted. Then Mohammad Baqir Shafti Rashti, the Qajar Muslim jurisprudent, began to work and build the mosque on that land. When? In the 1180s and 13th centuries AD, at the time of Muhammad Shah. And if we say that he revived the construction of the mosque in Iran again by constructing the Seyyed Mosque, we have not lied.
The life of this good servant of God did not allow him to finish building the mosque. It turned out that in 1223 parts of the decoration of the mosque remained incomplete. After his death, his son, Haj Seyyed Asadullah (Seyyed-e Sani) and then his descendant Haj Seyyed Muhammad Baqir, continued to build the mosque. But the decorations of some parts of it are still incomplete.
In the article about the construction of the Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque, we said that it passed 18 years to build the mosque and we were very surprised at that time. But, at that time, we were unaware of the fact that the Seyyed Mosque passed about 130 years to be constructed.
Seyyed Mosque Architecture
Seyyed Mosque is one of the most important mosques in Isfahan. In the southeast and southwest and north of the mosque, there are two doors which is connecting the surrounding neighborhoods through the mosque. And there are four directions for exiting. The mosque’s map is rectangular and it is in the area of 98 x 85 m.
Different parts of the mosque
The southwest gate, which is also a great entrance, is decorated with 7-color tiles and inscriptions and written spells. The inscriptions of this gate have been written by Muhammad Baqir Shirazi, a great calligrapher of the Qajar era. The south-eastern gate with a large porch shines like a diamond in the Alley.
Two large Shabestan (nurseries): There is a nursery below the dome on the south porch and a winter nursery on the porch of the east and west.
Dome (Gonbad-Khaneh): There are tombs in the dome, decorated with various tile, plastering, mirroring and painting, with numerous inscriptions. On the ceiling, it is used beautiful Muqarnas with inconspicuous elements. The steel tombstone is also provided by Muhammad Baqir Sani for his grandfather.
Mausoleum: Tomb of Hojjat Al-Islam is Located in the northeast of the mosque that has a tomb and a lanai. Inside the tomb and the porch, it is decorated with tile and plastering. At the top of the Entrance gate, the date of the death of the Hojjat Al-Islam was written with Sols Calligraphy.
Three Porches: On the southern side of the courtyard, there is the main porch and in the behind sides of that there are the Pillar-Porches and Gonbad-Khaneh. The interior and exterior of the Porches tiles has been represented the beautiful combination of different designs and ancient handwriting inscriptions. Above the south porch, the clock tower is decorated with tiles. The Great clock of Mosque is located above the south porch.
- Hojreh (Room): There are more than 45 rooms for the rest of the scholars.
- Madras: The place of teaching religious courses to the scholars.
- The Courtyard: it is surrounded by pavilions and rooms and two-floor porches which there is a beautiful pond.
Visiting the mosque that is still maintaining its own usage is free.
You can visit this mosque every morning from the morning to Azan Maghreb.