Much like Isfahan, Shiraz is a city with many stories and different historical monuments from different historical periods of Iran. Shiraz is the city of heaven and orange blossom, is the house of the shrines of poets such as Hafez and Saadi, and the land in which structures such as Iran’s pink mosque, Nasir-ol-Molk, and the Iranian-European house-garden of Shapouri!
The tomb of Saadi, known as Sadieh, is the burial place of Saadi, a prominent poet of Iran. This tomb is located at the end of Bustan Street and near the Delgosha Garden on a hillside in the north east of Shiraz. Around the tomb there are many graves of religious prominent figures who have been buried there according to their will. This place was originally place of worship for Saadi, where he spent the end of his life there and then was buried there. For the first time in the seventh century, Shamsaddin Saheb Divani, a shirne was built over the grave of Saadi, and later on the orders of Karim Khan Zand, a monument known as a manor house made of gypsum and brick over the tomb of Saadi was built, and in 1329 (Solar) by Ali Asghar Hekmat and the Committee of National Monument Iran, the present building was built instead of the old building and its official opening ceremony was held in Ordibehesht 1331 (Solar) which was built by Mohsen Forooghi, adapted from the palace of Chehel Sotoon and a combination of the old and new architecture of Iran.
If you are a fan of poets and poems, visiting this place would be fun for you.
Afif Abad Garden
When we talk about the Afif Abad garden, we do not really just talk about a historical attraction. In this garden there is an atmosphere that brings your senses to you and gives you fresh energy. This garden, which is the relic of the Safavid era, is a perfect example of the Iranian art of flower plantiong. This garden is located in one of the affluent regions of Shiraz and was built in 1863. This collection includes a royal palace, a museum of old weapons and an Iranian garden, all open to public. The simplicity of this garden is because this garden is one of the oldest gardens in Shiraz. It has four simple pillars of plaster in the garden, and their heads are designed with a pattern from the head pillar of Takhte Jamshid.
Eram garden is one of 9 Iranian gardens whose name is in the UNESCO World Heritage list and includes several monuments and botanical gardens. During the Zandieh era, Karim Khan Zand did everything to protect and maintain the garden. Eram garden was in fact the property of Ghavami’s family in Shiraz. The mansion is still there, and with many vegetation in the garden, plants that are planted in this garden come from many parts of the world; in a way that this garden has turned into an exhibition of flowers. Of the most interesting parts of this garden are iron windows that are on the first floor at the foot of the two large porches at the entrance to the chamber and is one of the interesting examples of iron windows in the Qajar period.
Altogether, visiting this Iranian garden will surely be pleasant and Irantrawell suggests that you do not miss the change to experience the joyful atmosphere of this garden.
The Zinatolmelk House or Zinatolmolook House is one of the remains of the Qajar period, which was created by Ali Muhammad Khan Ghavam al-Molk II. Most of the house’s ceiling is decorated with pictures of animals, birds and flowers.
Currently, in the basement of this building, there is the museum of renowned figures of Shiraz along with their statues.
Divan Khaneh Building in Shiraz
This building which is considered to be one of the most valuable buildings remaining from the Zandieh era is located next to the Karim Khan Arg, and it used to be called the Karim Khan Divan Khaneh building. This building has a large hall which is held by two large wooden pillars, though before there used to be stone pillars instead of these wooden ones, but they were moved to Tehran by Agha Mohammad Khan Qajar in the Qajar era. Divan Khaneh building used to be the government and administrative building during the reign of Karim Khan Zand, and numerous pantings on the body of the building, Mogharnas works on wood and stone, Mogharnas works by plaster, and chiseling on stones making the images of animals and plants are among the prominent features of this building. The architecture of the Divan Khaneh building is like other buildings of the Zandieh era, which is simple and has an interior decorated with all kinds of artistic images.
Now let us get out of the Shiraz a little bit and go out of town; near Marvdasht, we get to one of the most controversial historical places in the world; Takhte Jamshid.
Before we embark upon on historical journey, it’s better to say a few words about this historical attraction. Takhte Jamshid is the name of one Irna’s ancient cities, and it is located in the city of Marvdasht in the Fars province. Darius, the Achaemenid king founded Takhte Jamshid. This ancient city is known for its high pillars and beautiful and spectacular heads of those pillars. There is a palace with the same name in the city of Takhte Jamshid, which used to be the place where people brought gifts for the king and authorities on the first day of Nowruz.
Maybe today Takhte Jamshid seems like an ancient ruin; but we cannot deny magnificence of it in the past and its process of change.
This work passed 4 important period of time which include:
- Beginning of the establishment of second circle governmental in the Farvardin Plain by Darius I.
- Ruling period of Khashayar Shah and its fundamental changes in Takhte Jamshid or Parse.
- Gradual changes in the period of next kings in 330 to 465 BC.
- The fall of Achaemenid power and Eskandar Maghdooni attacks.
Because of these reasons this collection is so attractive and full of undiscovered mysteries for people, historians and archaeologists.
For other samples we can refer to Pasargard buildings, Naghshe Rajab and Naghshe Rostam which each of them have stories for retelling also Iran Travel suggest them even if you don’t love history, do not miss visual study of these great historical places!