Darestan Village near to Sirjan in Kerman Province is an amazing attractive village and its rugs have a worldwide reputation. IranTrawell is going to talk more about this national treasure, the Shirikipich Rug.
Shirikipich is a special kind of rug that you can find it easily in Sirjan, especially in Darestan Village of Sirjan. It originates from Darestan and all of its productions and innovations are being done in there.
Due to its cultural and economic importance Cultural Heritage, Handicrafts and Tourism Organization of Iran (ICHTO) in 1354 SH decided to expand this type of industry. Therefore, they constructed a big workshop in Darestan to train people and product Shirikipich rugs. This old industry still is working. There are several documentaries about this industry and Shirikipich rugs. Various TV channels have created and broadcasted these documentaries. This type of rug is a special and unique one. In past times, Shirikipich was only a rug, but nowadays it is a combination of rug and carpet.
Designs and Tools for Shirikipich
If you are interested in Iranian handicrafts, we recommend you to read this article about Carpets of Tabriz.
Shirikipich, Sozani and Gelimpich are special terms used for rugs of Darestan. Gelimpich and Shirikipich are more common and people use these terms more often. Shirikipich or Gelimpich is defined as “multiple people weaving a rug”. A better and more technical definition will be “braiding a superfine colored thing called Khase around a yarn”, which is a unique specificity of Shirikipich rugs and you cannot find it in other rugs in Iran. In other types of rugs, weft has an important role in formation of the product, but in Shirikipich, weft has no role in texture of the rug and the thing that adheres strains to each other is the Khase. Weft is hidden in Shirikipich and you cannot see any weft on it. Another trait that you can only find it in this type of rug is its method of woven. They weave this rug with knot, so-called double-knot woven. They weave other rugs with a method called one-knot woven. Therefore, there are obvious differences between this rug and other types of rugs.
Growing importance of Shirikipich rugs in use, production and export has resulted in 6-7 thousand people working in Sirjan’s workshops and this is an impressive record. Shirikipich has similarities to carpet. Like carpets, Shirikipich is made of knots and despite the main role of weft in other types of rugs; here weft is a nonsignificant thing. They use weft only to adhere the strings and it is always hide behind lint of the rug. There is two types of knots for this rug:
This knot runs over two strings, goes to back, then passes beneath the main string, and makes a knot.
They put weft on every string twice and so, we will have a wider knot.
They use this beautiful rug for making bags, boards, slipcover for chairs and other uses. In recent years, it was one of Iran’s non-oil exports and it has its special customers. Therefore, governors have decided to revive the art of making these rugs and present these rugs to other countries.
Color in Shirikipich
The color of the Shirikipich is usually cooked and daisy, including red lacquer (madder, poppy, cherry and cochineal), blue (indigo and eggplant), yellow (saffron, turmeric and pomegranate), orange color, dark green (walnut leaves, yellow and indigo), brown (natural, tobacco, walnut shell) black (natural, walnut).
One thousand Kermani carpet weavers presented the world’s largest Shirikipich with dimensions of 6.30 meters by 10 meters in June 2011. It was exhibited at the International Crafts Fair.
How can we detect a Shirikipich rug?
Elegant Figures and patterns
At first glance, Shirikipich rugs usually have elegant patterns. Shirikipich rugs have a lot of details and most of them use integrated designs for these detail. Knitting needles are tiny and uniform and you can see nodes behind them. Unlike other carpets, Shirikipich does not look like an epudnamâ, and you can see all the wefts behind of it.
Weight and density
When you hold the rug, is heavy unlike Jajim or other rugs. Its weight is almost like a carpet. This type of rug is the only rug in the world that is woven symmetrical and knotted. Unlike Jajim or Shahsun, this rug is one-sided and it is mostly used as a slab; while those two are two-sided. They usually have a lighter contexture so they can be used as a scarf or bag, and so forth.
Materials and color
All bunches of this rug are produced of high quality wool. Sometimes they are made of Kork ( a special kind of wool). It is noteworthy that the softest part of the wool of the sheep is the wool under its neck and arm and it is called Kork, which is more delicate.
When you are going to buy a rug, you must know who is the weaver and who is the seller? Do they guarantee the quality of the product? It is better to buy from persuaded stores or reputable companies that work in this area to meet your needs.
If you are a fan of traditional art, this kind of rug will surely beautify your home