After some days of vising Shiraz and enjoying the aroma of orange blossoms in its streets, the nights of its buildings, and the cool of its Faloodeh, now let us get out of the Shiraz a little bit and go out of town; near Marvdasht, we get to one of the most controversial historical places in the world; Takhte Jamshid.
Before we embark upon on historical journey, it’s better to say a few words about this historical attraction. Takhte Jamshid is the name of one Irna’s ancient cities, and it is located in the city of Marvdasht in the Fars province. Darius, the Achaemenid king founded Takhte Jamshid. This ancient city is known for its high pillars and beautiful and spectacular heads of those pillars. There is a palace with the same name in the city of Takhte Jamshid, which used to be the place where people brought gifts for the king and authorities on the first day of Nowruz.
Maybe today Takhte Jamshid seems like an ancient ruin; but we cannot deny magnificence of it in the past and its process of change.
This work passed 4 important period of time which include:
- Beginning of the establishment of second circle governmental in the Farvardin Plain by Darius I.
- Ruling period of Khashayar Shah and its fundamental changes in Parse.
- Gradual changes in the period of next kings from 330 to 465 BC.
- The fall of Achaemenid power and Eskandar Maghdooni attacks.
Because of these reasons this collection is so attractive and full of undiscovered mysteries for people, historians and archaeologists.
Takhte Jamshid, Iranian Utopia
Other attractions of this building is that Takhte Jamshid in the global dimension, symbolically is the sign of compromise and global equality, a utopia. Let us take you to a deep historical trip, the story begins as follows:
Six centuries BC, Iranian in the period of Darius, under the command of Cysus established global government, the greatness of this kingdom was so much that covered half of the world! 518 BC, Takhte Jamshid as the kingly palace was built in Marvdasht in Fars province by the order of darius. Greatness of Takhte Jamshid was so much that continued after Darius in the time of Khashayar Shah up to Ardeshir I, but even after 188 years of construction, this structure was never complete, you can see this in the unfinished palaces. But even after 2500 years, this structures causes the awe of visitors, and when you are near the palaces you can see the passage of time, as if the statues are playing stories from the past for you and exhibit their secrets, as if you are the audience of a historical movie.
But parts of this set are relatively more known. At the head of them is the Apadana Palace. This palace, which was actually used to hold the Nowruz celebrations and to accept the representatives of the kingdoms, was ordered by Darius and was connected to the Palace of Mirrors by a step in the southwest, which means it was the winter palace, and Darius’s favorite palace.
But the reputation of Apadana and its grandeur is in its beautiful structure. So that the unusual distances of 72 columns of 20 meters from each other are very surprising even in today’s world and its architectural coordinates. Add to that the fact that the columns each had a net weight of 90 tons and loaded 1.5 tons of head pillars. Isn’t it amazing?
The Relief of Apadana Palace Stairs
Two pairs of stairs in the northern and eastern parts of this palace, with a length of 81 meters, are embroidered with a relief representing a queue of Iranian soldiers and elders, and 23 people bringing gifts, waiting for the kingdom to meet at the center of this staircase, with a reed and lotus flowers which are a symbol of peace.
Takhte Jamshid, the Symbol of Freedom and Equality
These reliefs which are more than 3,000 altogether on the entire Takhte Jamshid environment are affected by the art of the Assyrian and the Middle Eastern, but unlike Assyrian art, there is no sign of the Assyrian quarters or scenes of warfare, and all the reliefs represent the peace and justice of the ancient Iranian society. Justice and social laws that were written on tablets and now are held in American study museums, all representing the social equality of men and women, the payment of workers’ salaries, social protection of children, etc., which, for such a long history, represents a high level of equality and social consciousness, which is not fully implemented even today.
Takhte Jamshid Resistant to Earthquake!
Another remarkable wonder of Takhte Jamshid is engineering. For example, the bridges, pillar cuttings, pillars, or gantry posts; in these no material was used to hold them together, and only with the cutting of the lower and upper sections, this structure has remained, and this is exactly the reason for the stability of the columns and gates. Since the concern of the architectural engineers of this building was its preservation throughout the time and natural factors, the Queen’s Palace is now usable as a museum.
Irantrawell suggests that now you have seen the colorful and beautiful jewel of the Fars province, namely Shiraz, don’t miss out on experiencing an ancient world.
Do not be fooled….
If you see aerial photos of Persepolis, you might think it is a place of spread out ruins consisting mostly of columns that have largely been destroyed and thus little to see. Do not be fooled by this. Persepolis is a huge site with several different areas of ruins in various stages of preservation. I was surprised by how much of the palaces are left standing, and I was blown away by the reliefs that are everywhere and go on for what seem like miles. And of course, having a photo op at the Gate of All Nations is just something one must do in life if given the chance. Be sure to visit the 2 tomb sites on the mountain while here. It is well worth the climb(s).