The Azadi Tower, a unique structure that in the minds of the capital dwellers is a symbol of the city of Tehran and has been an observer, constant and witnessing the passing of days for many years. This tower, which is one of the most well-known Iranian symbols, which has a beautiful and interesting architecture during the rising and dusk of the city, is a place for coming together, chatting and talking, and especially photography. Stay with Irantrawell.
Azadi Tower, in the Eye of History and Architecture
The Azadi Square, which was called Shahyad Square before the Islamic revolution, is the largest square in Tehran. This square, along with the Azadi Tower, was designed and built in 1949 to commemorate the 2500th anniversary of the Persian Empire by Hossein Amanat, and after the 1979 Islamic revolution, it was renamed as Azadi Square. The story and the construction of this tower are interesting and significant. In 1345 (Solar) a competition to design the Azadi Tower was held when Hossein Amanat, a 24-year-old graduate of the Faculty of Fine Arts of Tehran University was chosen and presented this eye-catching masterpiece and intelligent combination. Hossein Amanat is quoted somewhere saying: “It is based on the brilliant past of Iranian history, the period in which Iran was outstanding in literature, architecture, art, crafts, various sciences, and other things. I wanted to summarize these in the Shahyad Tower (Azadi ), so that if someone comes to Iran from other countries or even the Iranian people themselves would know belongs to where and to which culture.”
This area, connected to the Azadi Avenue from the east, to the highway of Mohammad Ali Jinnah from the north, from the west to the Shahid Lashgari highway, and from south to the Ayatollah Saeedi highway, is architecturally a masterpiece of Sassanid, Achaemenid and Islamic architecture, and in the lower area of the tower there are theaters, gallery, library and museum. The tower consists of three floors, four elevators, two staircases with 286 stairs. The height of the Azadi Tower is approximately 50 meters and it is said that forty-six thousand stone pieces have been used in the construction of the Azadi Tower.
Azadi Tower Is a Combinatorial Structure
According to Hossein Amanat, “The parallel lines drawn from Achaemenid architecture, the main arc between the tower, is a reminiscent of Kasra arch from the archaic Sassanid era and its high arch, which is derived from the post-Islamic period and the influence of Islam in Iran. The domes between these two arches are very Iranian and I have gotten inspired from the dome of the mosques of Iran.”
In fact, the technique of some making in Iran is very interesting, and you see something new in every mosque. In these domes, which is a sign of Iranian genius, the old architects have come from the base of the square to the dome of the circle, and they have done this with the help of beautiful decorations and Mogharnas. The same thing can be seen in the Azadi Tower. The geometry is based on the rectangular square geometry that rotates on its legs becomes a hexagon and finally forms a dome.
This dome is only visible from inside of the tower. There are two floors inside the tower, one above the arch of the main arch and the other under the dome, accessible by elevator. The top floor is designed as an exhibition and covered with a dome of white concrete. In this dome, the Iranian Mogharnas is implemented in a new way and is covered with turquoise and mosaic tiles.
“The images that are in the square and form gardens and flower beds are inspired by the interior design of the mosque of Sheikh Lotfollah in Isfahan, but the geometry of the dome circle has become oval.”
Currently, this four-level tower is fully functional in all floors and, as it is said, it is not only for visiting, but is a formally functional building. If apart from the unique architecture of this tower, you are looking for the footprints of the last few decades, be sure to give a visit to Azadi square and watch through the eyes of this tower. Irantrawell suggests that if you decide to visit this place, make sure to allocate enough time to visit the interior space of the tower as well.