Do you like to travel to Isfahan? If you want to name the ten most attractive cities to travel, the name of Isfahan is definitely among them, especially if you have an interest in history and architecture, in which case the city of Isfahan will be on the top of the list. Among the foreign tourists, Isfahan is also known as a city and is considered a major destination for foreign tourists in tourism ahead of Tehran’s name. In this article, we will be ready to travel to Isfahan by introducing attractions, souvenirs and resorts of this city.
Name of Isfahan
Isfahan has had many names over the course of its history, which we are looking at in its fascinating cases.
Interestingly, the oldest name taken from Isfahan relates to the Jewish displacement event of Babylonia by Bakht al-Nasr – the Babylonian kingdom captured by the attack on Jews in Jerusalem. The Jews were transferred to Isfahan during the period of Great Cyrus, and they were referred to the region of Judea.
Another indication is that from the past, the area was considered a gathering place for troops, and troops from different regions were ready to launch in the central region of Iran, where had good water and living conditions. Isfahan is the phonetic change of Sepahan.
Part of the History of Isfahan
As we mentioned in the names of Isfahan, when the Great Cyrus took Babylon and saved the Jews the captivity of Nebuchadnezzar, the Shah of Babylon, a number of Jews returned to Palestine, and some of them came to Isfahan, and in this area Dar al-Yahud and Yahudiyeh were renamed. This area is next to the Jay area, which later became connected to each other and created the city of Isfahan. Ibn Faghih Hamedani, a Persian historian of the tenth century, said:
“When the Jews emigrated from Jerusalem and fled from Nebuchadnezzar, they took away some of Jerusalem’s land and water. They did not settle anywhere without testing soil and water before. They continued to reach the city of Isfahan. They rest there and tested the soil and water and found it similar to Jerusalem. When they settled there, they began to plant on the earth, and they gave birth to their children and descendants, and today it is the name of this region of Judea.”
In the Sassanid era, Isfahan was considered as a military garrison for the training and training of soldiers. In addition, Isfahan was the crown prince of Iran during that period, and it was also of great importance. The Jay region in Isfahan, according to historians, is the relic of the Sassanid era of Isfahan.
The continuation of the history of Isfahan, which is linked to Islam later, was studied in two articles in the form of the Islamic Atiq Mosque, the Islamic Architecture Museum and Isfahan in the Safavid era.
Urban Architecture of Isfahan
Safavid era is considered one of the brightest periods in Iran’s art and architecture since in Iran it has witnessed significant growth and prosperity in all fields including architecture and decoration, music and philosophy. Isfahan has named the latest Iranian architectural style in its name.
Isfahan architecture was created during the rule of the Turkmen, and until the late Qajar rule it continued, and then the evolutionary architecture of Iran was cut off and a new style did not emerge. Therefore, although the Safavid regime continued and changed his place with Afshariyeh, Zandieh and Qajar, The Isfahan style continued its life and finally, under the influence of the Cultural Invasion, the decline started from the time of Mohammad Shah Qajar. Among the most important architectural monuments outside the city of Isfahan, we can mention to Ibrahim Khan’s collection, Vakil complex, School and Mosque of Agha-Bozorg Kashan, Shams al-Amare and etc. It is worth to say all monuments made by the same architecture design, except Seljuk era.
Isfahan Architecture Features
In Isfahan style, unlike the complexity and strong geometry of Azeri style designs, the planes are mostly simple, square or rectangular. The views are also plain and smooth, without any prominence, and are decorated with veneer tiles and seven colors, types of gilding and magnificent brick arches.
What has happened in the Old Testament to the new era is the lightening of architecture. The comparison of the Neyasar vault (Sassanid period), which is based on a thick dome and the Abbasid mosque of Isfahan, is well illustrated by the fact that over time, architects were trying to find ways to lighten the volume. One of the methods of shaping large cavity and domes is to turn the square into a circle and use a crack, an example of which can be seen in the Khaje Nezam al-Mulk dome of the Atiq mosque of Isfahan (Seljuk period).
Best Time to Travel to Isfahan
What time is better to travel to Isfahan? Isfahan has a continental climate with several seasons. The summer months are hot and dry from June to August; and in winter from December to February, the weather is cold with occasional snowfall.
So the best time to travel to Isfahan is spring and autumn. When the weather is sunny, it is pleasant and suitable for other activities and journeys. Although there is extreme heat and cold in this city, the cold does not last for more than three months. In the winter, it rarely snows. The rain is usually in March and April, probably due to the melting of snow. A western wind blows throughout the summer, when the sun sets in, the wind blows and it will be cold at nights. The spring begins in February, which is air-conditioned and the city is very beautiful for travelling.
Tips on the City of Isfahan
- The third largest city in Iran and the third most populous city in Iran after Tehran and Mashhad.
- Its 6 historical monuments have been recorded as historical heritage in UNESCO.
- In 2006, it was selected as the cultural capital of the Muslim world.
- In 2009, Isfahan became the capital of Iran’s Islamic culture and civilization and industrial capital of Iran after Tehran.
- Due to the beautiful Islamic architecture and many beautiful boulevards, indoor bridges, beautiful tunnels, unique palaces, mosques and minarets are considered to be half of the world in Iranian culture.
- In December 2014 along with Rasht as the first cities in Iran, they joined UNESCO plan of the network of creative cities of the world (a city that uses citizens’ innovations and capabilities in sustainable urban development).
Urban Transportation of Isfahan
The history of taxis in Isfahan dates back to 1941. At that time, the route to the gate of Tehran (the Islamic Republic Square) to the gate of government (Imam Hossein Square) was 5 Rials. Now and for the past years, the taxi system of Isfahan has become widespread and in addition to ordinary taxis, taxi tourism, wireless taxi, special taxi, airport taxi and school services are also added to the base of this organization.
So far, most of Isfahan taxis have been equipped with intelligent systems, through which you can pay your fare by using bank cards or Isfahan cards or electronic shipping cards.
Isfahan has recently been equipped with a subway and you can travel to different parts of the city much easier and cheaper. The construction of the first phase of Isfahan was started in 1380, but according to the historic texture of the city, it went slowly. Executive errors have also been effective in extending the implementation of this project. The Isfahan city suburbs are responsible for the construction and operation of the metro station in Isfahan.
For the city of Isfahan, there are three lines of urban trains: line 1, the north-south direction, the northeast line 2 to the west, and line 3 from the south to the west. Also, some of the surrounding towns are connected to Isfahan metro lines via this system.
Isfahan is one of the largest bus lines and most of the city of Isfahan is covered by buses. Despite the development of other transportation solutions and urban role, the Isfahan bus is still of great popularity to Isfahan itself.
Like the city of Tehran, the city has become the gateway to Internet taxis such as Snap and Tap30, and you can use it very easily at a very low cost.
BRT buses in Isfahan with six lines are one of the popular transportation solutions and are well-organized.
Souvenir of Isfahan
When traveling, you like to buy gifts for yourself and your friends and family, to keep up with that journey. But sometimes we do not know what to buy, to make the family and God happy and put the pocket safe from spending money.
when you travel to Isfahan you’ll see that the souvenirs of Isfahan are divided into two categories: Food and Gifts, Gaz and Honey, Etching, Enamel and Carpet are all souvenirs from this city.
Here are some tips for buying souvenirs from Isfahan for yourself or your acquaintances. In addition, remember that every city except basic souvenirs has other kind of souvenirs, which is worth to buying.
If you want to buy comfortable and without fatigue, go to the Naghsh-e Jahan Square for buying souvenirs. There, the variety of goods is very high and you may find what you like to buy.
Read This: Souvenir of Isfahan
Food and Restaurant of Isfahan
The city of Isfahan is famous for its sweet taste of their people. Therefore, most of the local foods of Isfahan are sweet. Foods are also serve with bread and in the form of Halim. Meat is also one of the main ingredients of Isfahan food. Khoreshte-Mast and Beryooni are one of the most famous and most famous foods in Isfahan, and Dough, Baklava, Dough and Goshfil are among the most important foods in this city. Kaljoosh, Khorak kale-Gonjeshki, Nokhodchi Gheymeh Rize and Halim Bademjan are also some of the other foods you can get from the traditional restaurants of this city.
Some Interesting Ideas for Isfahan
- Take a taxi and go south to the city of Isfahan (Mount Soffeh), go there with a cable car to the top of the mountain and play bowling.
- Near the sunrise or sunset go to the Mount Soffeh and walk from the entrance to the park to the artificial waterfall and enjoy the view of the overall view of Isfahan Plain.
- The alleys behind the Shah Mosque are an extraordinary space for the adventure that Iran Trawell recommends you do not miss it, in every historic and fascinating alley you will see.
- Go to the Naghsh-e Jahan Square and follow the Chah-e Haj Mirza.
- Ride a bicycle along the river and Health street in the Nazhvan Forest Park.
- Go to the Nazhvan Beach Park and eat your lunch there.
- In most of the central regions of Isfahan, there is a bicycle station, circulate around Isfahan by bike.
- Take a walk along the Upper Chahar-Bagh (from Shiraz gate) to the Down Chahar-Bagh (Darvaze-Dolat).
- Walking from the Sabze-Meydan to the Great Market, and by walking through the long paths, while observing the magnificent traditional texture, get out of the of the Qeysarie Over door from Naghsh-e Jahan. (Guidance or use of GPS is necessary to avoid path loss).
- Eat a Beryooni in one of the traditional restaurants in Isfahan.
- If the river is running, sit under the bridge of Khaju on the steps of the bridge and eat a traditional ice cream, enjoy the sound of the water coming out from the bridges of the Khaju.
- Go Takhti Square and eat one of the traditional dough and Goshfil.
- Under the Khaju Bridge, you can listen to the old songs of Isfahan, which are considered as “Taj Isfahani” songs. If you have a good voice, Iran’s Trawell suggests you to go there and test yourself and enjoy.
International Registered Monuments of Isfahan
Xi’an – China, Kuala Lumpur – Malaysia, Florence – Italy, St. Petersburg – Russia, Yash – Romania, Barcelona – Spain, Yerevan – Armenia, Kuwait City – Kuwait, Freiburg – Germany, Havana – Cuba, Lahore – Pakistan, Dakar – Senegal, Baalbek – Lebanon, Neyshabur, Yazd and Tabriz – Iran, Hyderabad – India, Tokyo – Japan, Osun – South Korea
To getting more information about Isfahan, hotels, restaurants, and articles related to history and celebrities, visit the special page of Isfahan in Iran Trawell.