It can almost be said that the most historical monuments of Shiraz are located in the Vakil complex, which includes Vakil bazaar, mosque, and bath. Before discussing these places, it is better to talk a little bit about the person behind constructing such places. Stay tuned with Irantrawell.
Karim Khan Zand was an Iranian sultan, and since its capital was the city of Shiraz, there were many monuments built in this city that are known as Vakil buildings. The Vakil complex like other Iranian complexes, such as Ali Gholi Agha or Ganjali Khan’s complex, includes mosques, bazaar, bath, water storage and other elements of the old neighborhoods of Iran located in Shiraz Darb Shahzade neighborhood.
Shiraz Vakil Bath
This building was built by Karim Khan Zand during the Zandieh era. This bath is located in the city center of Shiraz and close to other buildings belonging to the Zandieh era, such as Vakil bazaar and Vakil mosque. The part called the Shahneshin is one of the most famous parts of this bath that was a special place for the king to sit.
The building, which is in the west wing of the Vakil mosque, has enjoyed the most advanced architectural principles of its time. For example, the entrance of the bathroom is small and comes with a gentle shaft to the entrance vent, which is below ground level.
The entrance to the dressing room was angled and all these considerations were to prevent the entrance of the cold into the bath and the exiting of the heat out of it. The bathtub is a regular octagon, with eight columns of rocky stones in the middle of the dome roof.
The hearth is covered with lining, but it is interesting that under this pavilion there are narrow corridors with hot air and steam running in them to warm the floor of the bath faster. In the south of the hearth, there is a water storage, which has two large boilers for heating the water. On the two sides of the hearth, there are two Shahneshins and on the two sides of water storage, there are two Hakemneshins (where rulers used to sit).
In the middle of every Hakemneshin there is also a pond of marble. Below is a dome of beautiful beaked veils whose stories originate from the religion, tradition, interests and dreams of the people of this land. Today, this bath has been turned into a museum.
Vakil Bazaar in Shiraz
We had already introduced Vakil Bazaar as a shopping center in Shiraz. However, you will find out about this bazaar in more detail in the following article.
Vakil Bazaar in Shiraz is one of the most well-known traditional and historical bazaars in Iran, which is currently in the center of the city. This long and well-designed bazaar is one of the best works of Karim Khan Zand, which still remain today and is known as Vakil Bazaar, and it is considered that Shahriar Zand has designed this bazaar after being influenced by the old Lar bazaar, which remains from the time Shah Abbas reigned.
All the commercial affairs including buying and selling domestic and foreign goods, all used to take place in the chambers, and in fact the Vakil Bazaar was like the actual heart of Shiraz and all commercial affairs used to take place there.
This bazaar starts from near Darvaze Isfahan and continues until the entrance of old bazaars and includes chambers with wide porches on the sides and 74 long and well-designed arches, and there used to be a high intersection that cuts the subsidiary western and eastern bazaars. These bazaars were built with plaster, brick, and lime, on foundations built from cut stones.
Vakil Mosque in Shiraz
Vakil mosque in Shiraz is located in the Zandie structures complex, next to Vakil bazaar and bath in downtown.
This building is one of the beautiful and very solid monuments of the Zandieh period, which is very important in terms of art and architecture. The mosque, built by the order of Karim Khan Zand, has two lobbies with two south and eastern shrines, the southern nave with integrated monolithic columns and a spiral of Islamic architectural features and the spectacular views of the mosque with 48 columns of monolithic stone.
The area of this nave is about 5 thousand square meters and the fourteen-stair pulpit made from monolithic marble stone is one of the beauties of this nave. Apparently, by virtue of Karim Khan, this stone was brought from Maragheh to Shiraz. On the north side of the mosque, a large arch was made known as the Pearl Arch, and all around this arch one of the Quran’s suras is written in a crescent in large Thuluth font.
Based on the traditional architecture of this site, this mosque has created a social complex and has created a beautiful harmony in the relationship between religion and the world. The tile work of the court and porch of the north and the south are also very beautiful and are of all types of seven colors and paintings.
Irantrawell suggests that you put visiting this historical complex in your travel itinerary and enjoy beholding the glory of Iranian traditional art and architecture.